PCI x16 Video Card Installation/Replacement
Small but Good Nearly all PCIe video cards fit only the standard full-length PCIe x16 slot shown in 'Figure check this out />One oddball video adapter, the Matrox Millennium G550 PCIefits any PCIe slot please click for source x1, x4, x8, and x16 and its low profile means that it will fit in any SFF system.
This card supports dual high-resolution analog or digital displays, and is narrowly targeted at people who don't care about 3D graphics performance or DX level, but want the best 2D text quality available.
PC adapter interfaces The first consideration in upgrading video is the type of PC-to-video adapter interface provided by your motherboard.
Depending on the age and type of motherboard, it will provide one or more of the following interfaces, which are listed in decreasing order of desirability: PCI Express PCI Express PCIe is the current video interface standard.
Video card manufacturers devote most of their resources to developing new, faster PCIe adapters.
If your motherboard has a PCIe slot, you have literally hundreds of models to choose among.
The PCIe standard is rigidly defined, so there's video card slot types wiki doubt that any PCIe video adapter you buy will be physically and electrically compatible with the PCIe slot on your motherboard.
Most PCIe video cards support DX9 or higher.
Figure 10-1 shows a standard black PCI Express x16 video expansion slot, located between the two white PCI slots and the chipset heatsink at the top of the image.
PCIe RETENTION MECHANISMS Note the retention mechanism on the right end of the slot.
When you install a Video card slot types wiki video adapter, the retention mechanism snaps into place, mating to a slot in the video adapter and securing it in the slot.
When you remove a PCIe video adapter, make sure to release the retention mechanism before you attempt to pull the card from the slot.
Although PCIe is the future, video card makers can't afford to ignore the huge installed base of AGP 3.
Most current AGP 3.
Figure 10-2 shows a standard brown AGP 3.
Note the keying tab in the body of the slot, located to the right of center, toward the front of the system.
AGP RETENTION MECHANISMS Note the retention mechanism on the right end of the slot, which is similar to the PCIe retention mechanism.
When you install an AGP adapter, make sure the retention mechanism locks to secure the adapter in the slot; when you remove an AGP adapter, release the mechanism before you pull the card.
That matters little, however, because many current AGP video cards can be used in AGP 2.
If you have an AGP 1.
Many current AGP video cards can be used in AGP 1.
Figure 10-3 shows a standard light-brown AGP 1.
You can differentiate an AGP 1.
PCI Last and least is the PCI interface.
Unlike cards built to later video standards, PCI video cards are not matched to a dedicated video slot.
Instead, they can be installed in any available standard PCI slot.
Although a few PCI video cards remain on the market, a system whose motherboard has only PCI slots is probably too old to be economically upgraded.
PCI-X Https://money-slots-win.site/card/sim-card-slot-in-laptops.html PCIe PCI-X not to be confused with PCI Express or PCIe is an enhanced version of PCI that is used primarily on servers and workstations.
Although a very few PCI-X video adapters are available, these are not mainstream devices and should never be installed, even on a desktop system that happens to have a PCI-X slot.
All AGP cards and slots are backward-compatible in terms of speed.
For example, an 8X AGP card can also run at 4X, 2X, and 1X.
AGP cards and slots can operate at 3.
Older components use the higher voltages.
AGP cards and slots may be designed to be compatible with one, two, or all three of these voltages.
AGP cards and slots are keyed to prevent installing a card in an incompatible slot, which could damage the card, the motherboard, or both.
Figure 10-2 shows the 1.
This keying divides the AGP slot contacts into groups of 21 and 41 pins, with the smaller group toward the rear of the system.
Figure 10-3 shows the 3.
This keying also divides the AGP slot into groups of 21 and 41 pins, but with the smaller group toward the front of video card slot types wiki system.
There are six types of AGP motherboards and six types of AGP video cards.
Table 10-1 lists the speeds, keying, and voltages video card slot types wiki AGP motherboard type, and Table 10-2 by video adapter type.
BE WARY OF VERY OLD AGP CARDS AND MOTHERBOARDS Some early AGP 1.
Before you install a new AGP card in a very old motherboard, or vice versa, check the card and motherboard documentation to verify that the card is in fact who invented the card game spades with the slot.
If you're paying careful attention, you may have noted one ambiguity in Tables 10-1 and 10-2.
It's physically possible to install a 0.
If you do that, the video card won't be damaged, but it may not function properly or at all.
UNIVERSAL AGP Some AGP slots and cards support only one standard AGP 1.
You can verify the type of AGP slot and card by checking the documentation provided with the component or available on the manufacturer's web site.
Figure 10-4 shows the AGP connector portion of an ATI All-In-Wonder 9800 Pro AGP graphics card.
The presence of both keying slots on the contact edge establishes that this is either a Universal AGP card or a Universal AGP 3.
That means this card can be installed in any AGP slot without fear of damage.
A Universal AGP 3.
Note also the hook-shaped portion at the far right of the contact edge.
This part of the connector locks into the AGP retention mechanism on the motherboard to secure the card in the slot.
Accordingly, every video adapter includes at least a primary video output, and some contain a secondary video output as well.
These outputs are one or both of the following types: DB-15 Analog Older video adapters and some current models provide the familiar DB-15 analog video connector, usually called a VGA connector.
Nearly all CRT monitors and many digital flat-panel displays can be connected to a VGA connector.
Inexpensive flat-panel displays may have only an analog video connector.
DVI Digital Many recent video adapters provide a DVI Digital Visual Interface connector.
DVI defines three types of connectors.
These connectors video card slot types wiki keyed to prevent an analog display from being connected to a digital-only interface or vice versa, which could destroy the display, the interface, or both.
DVI-Analog The DVI-Analog DVI-A connector, shown in Figure 10-5, supports only analog displays and is keyed to prevent a digital DVI-D display cable from being connected.
DVI-Digital The DVI-Digital DVI-D connector, shown in Figure 10-6, supports only digital displays and is keyed to prevent an analog DVI-A display cable from being connected.
DVI-Integrated The DVI-Integrated DVI-I Figure 10-6.
DVI-D digital-only connector connector, shown in Figure 10-7, supports analog and digital displays, and accepts either a DVI-A or a DVI-D cable.
Connecting a DB-15 analog display to a DVI-A or DVI-I interface requires an adapter like the one shown in Figures 10-8a and 10-8b.
Nearly all standalone video adapters that provide a DVI interface use the DVI-I variant, and include such an adapter.
If your adapter doesn't include one, you can buy an DVI-VGA adapter from most online just click for source component vendors.
Hi i have something like this.
Figure 10-3: An AGP 1.
External Graphics card slot
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